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(7.8.1884, , - 17.5.1942, ), , , . (1936). . . ( . . , . . , . . ), 1902-23 . , . : , (""), ("") . . - ; (""), (" "). . " " (1919), " " (1922), " " (1923, ., . . . ) . 1923-29 . (. "", "", " ", " " .), . . . . . ( . . "" . . . . ). 1930-35 : . "" (1931), " " (1936, . . . ), . "" (. . . , 1932).
1904 . . . 1914 . . . . 1930-41 . . . (. . . . . ) " " (1940).

(: . , , 1981)

(1880, , - 1942, ), , , . . . , 1897-1917 . 1911 . ( . . ). , . . , . . ; " . ", " " (1900, , . . . ; 1901 - " "), " " (1920), " " (1938). . ( - "", .). . . 1914 . . . ( 1925). 1939 . ( ).

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