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(. 20.11.1904, ), , . . . ( . . , . . ), 1921-24 . (-, . . , .). 1924 , ( 1929), . 1929-38 . . -, " " . . . . . : (" " . ), (" " . ), . ("" . ). 1938-52 " -" (). "- " (1949), " " (1952, 1955). 1954-56 . . . - . 40-50- ., . . . . (, , , ) . . ("-", ""), . (" " . , " " . ) . 1957 . . . . . 1959-61 "-". 1970- . . .

(: . , , 1981)

( - ) [1793, , - 8(20).1.1810, ], . 1801 . . . ( ) . . . , . . , - " ", " " . 1808 (" ", .) (" "); 1809 - (" ") ("") - . . . , . . , . . , . . . " " (1809, . ). . 1808 8 . 60 . . . . . 1809, . . . . . . , . . , . . , . . .

(: . , , 1981)

[. 5(18).12.1905, ], . (1962). . . ( . . ), 1924-35 . , 1936 , 1939-50 1954-67 . ( 1950-54 - ). . , . . . , . . Ÿ - "" . (1960, , . . . ). . : - " " (1942), " " (1948), " " (1949); " " " " ( - 1955), " " (1958), "" (1959), " " (1960), "" . (1965); - "" (1951), "" (1952). , . . 1961 . .

(: . , , 1981)
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