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. , . . , , . . . 20 . 1879 () , 1920- . . . , . , . . 1908 . - . . , . . , . . , . . , . . . , . . . 1920- . . . () . , . , . , . , . . - " ", 1922, ( . - ). ( ) . . "", "", "", " ", " ". . . . 1935 1955-62; 1935-54 , 1962 - . . 1940-60 : " " (. . , - ), ""; " " . ( - . ), "", " "; " " . , " " . "-" ( - . . ), " " (. . ); "" "" (. . ). . " " (. . . ), "" " " (. . . ). . : "" (1935, . ; 1955, . ), "" " " . (. ), " " . , " " ( - . ). 1930-50- . - , . , . , . , . . , . . , . , . ; - . , . , . . 70- .: . . ( ), . ( . ). 70- . , , . , . 1920- . .

(: . , , 1981)
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