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() [22.2 (5.3).1892, , - 4.5.1970, ], . . . (1940), . . . (1945). ( . . ), 1907 . . . . . . . 1909 . 1910 . . : ; (" "), ("" ) - . . . . . ; . 1916 " ". 1918 - " " (. " " . . , "" .). 1919-25 ( 1922 - " "; . "" . , "" . . , "" . . , " " , ). . . , . . . , . . , . -. . . . . 1925 . ( ) " " "" . . -. " " . , : . . 1927 . . "" ( ) - . . . . , 1933 - "" ( ). , . . , , (" " " " . , .). . 1930- . . . .: " " (1935, ), " " (1939, ; 1949, ); " " (1941, ). 1944 1953 . " " (" ", ). 1960-61 . , 1962 - "", 1964 - " " ( ). . . " " (., 1964).

(: . , , 1981)
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