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" " (La Scala; . - Teatro alla Scala), - . 1778 ( . . - - ). . . " " : " , " (. ) " , " (. . ). : . (1779-1803 ), . , . , . , . , . , . . . 18-19 . : - , , . -, . -, . , . , . , . ; - , , , . ; - - . , . , . , . . 19 . ". ." . 1813 , . , . , . 1812 . , -: " " (1813), " " (1815), ", " (1818), "" (1818), "" (1819), " '" (1821) - . .
". ." : . (1838-43), . ( 1841), . (1838-48). 1837-50 ". ." . (. . ), - . . 2- . 19 . ". ." . , . , . , . , . ., . . - . ("", 1881; "", 1886; "", 1897) - . , . . , : . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . . . 90- . . . . , . (1925-28), . (1928-33). 30-40 . . 50-60- . . , . 70- . - . . . ". ." . . (1924-75, ), . . , . , . . . . (. , . , . , . , . , . , . , . .). : . , . , . , . , . . . 1976 . . . : "", "", " ", ""; . , . , . . . 70- . ( ): " " (1975, . ); " " . (. ), "" . (. ), "" . (. ), " " (. . ) - 1976; "" (. ); " " , " " () - 1977. (1977): - . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . . ; - . , . , . , . , . , . , . . ". ." . .

(: . , , 1981)
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