.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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. 2- . 18 ., . . (. .), . . (. 1785). . . - , . -, 1921 ( 1922 ) 1921-25 . 1925-29 , . . , ( -). . . , . . 1925 . "". . : " " (1927), "" (1928); " " . (1928), "-" "" (1929). 1929-30 . . , . . , . . . 1931-35 - . . , . . ; . , . . . . . : " " , " " "" ( - 1933). . 15 , . .: ""; "" . ( - 1931), ""; " " . , " ", "" ( - 1932), "" (1933), " " (1934), . . 1935 . (-, ).
. , . . 1935-37 . Ը- (. " ", 1936, "-", 1937). . . , . , . , . -, . , . , . , . . 1937 , 1938 . . . . " " (1938) " " (1939). 1937 . , , , -. . (1940) " " (1940, . ). 1941 . . "" (1943), 1940 . . 1944 .-. . 1948 (. ). . 40 - . 50- . . . . , . . , ("", 1943, 1952; "" "", 1946, .). 1951-54 . . , . . . . . . 1954-66 1968-71 . . , . . . . . . " " (1954, . . . ), . . "" (1957), - " - " (1960) . . . 50- . , . -. , ; , , - "" (. . ), "" (. . -), "" (. . ).
1959 . . , . , . , . , . , . , . . 60-70- . . , . . , . , . . " " (1975, . . . , . . . . -), " " (1977) " " (1979) - . . . .
. . 1941 1944-50 . , " ", "", " ". . , . . . 70- . " " . , " "; " " . , "-" , " " . . 1959 . . . . . . . ( 1952).
: . . . . , . , . , . , . , . . . . -, . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . .
. . " ", " ", "", " ", " " . . , . , . , . .

(: . , , 1981)
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