.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

...


. . 17 . ( . .). " " " " (1609), " " (1618). " " . ( . ̸). . " " (1650), " " (1678). . . ( 2- . 17 .) . . , , , . . . 17 . . , (""). 1678 . . - , ., ( , ) . . " " " ". . , .
. 18 . . . . . . . 1760-67 . . " " (1762) " " (1763) . . . . . . . . " " ( . . ) . (1801). . . . . , . , . . . . . . . . , , , , . . . . . (. , . , . , . .) . . . 19 . . .
. 20 . -. , . . , 1904 . . . " ", " ", " " (. " " ), . . , . , . , . . . , . , . . , . . . 20-30- . 20 . , . . . . - " " " " ( - 1932) . . . . - . , 20- . . .
. (1933) . ( , . ). 1933 . , . . . () " ". . . - , .: " " (1937), " " (1940), " " (1942) " " (1936) . . . -. . 2- 1939-45 . . .

(: . , , 1981)
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