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[10(22).3.1891, , - 30.1.1957, -], , . 1909, . . ( . . ), . . : (""), (" " ), ("" "" . ), (" "), (" "), (" "), (" " " " , "" "" . ). . . : "" (1911), "" . " " . ( - 1912) . . . . . . " " . , . . , . . . . . .
. " " (1913) "" (1914). 1914 ; . "" . , . . 1917 , . . . 1921-26 . . . . . . . 1928-34 "" -, , -, , . 1934-38 " " , 1938-42 1945-50 "-" (-). - " " (-). .: "" (1925, " "), ""; "" "-" ( ), -1928; "-" , "" , "" . ( - 1929), ""; "" ( - 1930) - ""; "" (1936, " -"), "" (1950) "" (1952) - ; "" (1956, " -", ).

(: . , , 1981)
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